Sherry wines - Vinos de Jerez - Manzanilla, Oloroso, Pedro Ximenez, Fino, Palo Cortado, Amontillado


Oloroso is aged in the absence of flor, in an oxidative way. This style of sherry starts from a selection of heavier, more full-structured musts than a Fino. Usually it is produced from a second pressing of Palomino grapes. After fermentation, the young wines with a thicker body will be destined for maturation as Oloroso sherry.

To create an Oloroso the base wine will be fortified to 17 or 18 degrees which makes it impossible for flor yeasts to survive in these casks. Due to evaporation known as merma (+/- 3-5% each year), the resulting Oloroso will grow more concentrated to around 20-22 degrees.

Oloroso means fragrant and the best examples will display dried fruits, leather, polished wood and exotic spices

After fermentation the base wines will be classified with chalk signs on the cask, according to their finesse. Delicate wines suited for biological ageing were given a raya, a stick or vertical line. Later some leaves were added to form a palma. The heavier wines, more suited for oxidative ageing, are given a circular mark ‘o’ for Oloroso. Even courser, slightly unbalanced base wines would be given two or more rayas. These will age as olorosos of lesser quality, sometimes used for blending purposes, distillation or the production of sherry vinegar.

Oloroso sherry casks are highly sought after by the whisky industry. It adds a lot of richness when spirits are matured in casks that were seasoned with Oloroso.

For more information on Oloroso sherry, check the page on the website of the Consejo Regulador of the sherry region.


Oloroso VORS - Juan Piñero

Old Oloroso from Bodegas Juan Piñero

Dry and sweet Oloroso character

Oloroso sherry often shows nutty aromas (especially walnuts), combined with polished / balsamic notes, dried fruits, toasted hints, tobacco and other autumnal aromas. There are noticeable spicy notes in older examples. Often there are also subtle meaty hints, truffle and leather.

The technical file states that Oloroso is made from Palomino grapes as a dry wine. In the past many Oloroso sherries were lightly sweetened by adding a bit of Pedro Ximénez (called Amoroso or Abocado sherry, or Rich Oloroso). Some of the oldest olorosos on the market have historically been lightly sweetened but tend to lose this sweetness as they mature further. Nowadays the rules of the Denomination of Origin state that a wine needs to be fully dry to have Oloroso on the label. Anything else will be labeled Medium or Cream sherry (depending on the sugar content). If there is at least 85% of dry Oloroso in the mix, the term Medium Blend of Oloroso can also be used.

Note that the higher strength and full body of an Oloroso (caused by glycerol) will give it an impression of roundness. The glyceric side can even be mistaken for a subtle sweetness, even in a technically dry wine. To complicate things further, there is also a type of naturally sweet Oloroso (usually vintage sherry), produced by cutting off the fermentation process early (leaving more residual sugars). These belong to the Dulce category.


Appreciation and pairing

The classic pairing for an Oloroso would be red meat and game, but it will also be lovely with well-aged cheese. Read more about pairing Oloroso with food. It is served around 12-16°C.


Oloroso sherry reviews

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